Lauren Bacall, proud to be a Jew, dies at age 89
NEW YORK (JTA)-Lauren Bacall, a film legend best known for her sultry onscreen presence and her Hollywood romance with actor Humphrey Bogart, has died.
Bacall, the daughter of Jewish immigrants from Poland and Romania, died Tuesday, AUG. 12, 2014, in New York. She suffered a massive stroke in her apartment on Manhattan's Upper West Side, TMZ.com reported, citing sources in Bacall's family. Bacall was 89.
Born Betty Joan Perske in Brooklyn, Bacall was a first cousin of former Israeli President Shimon Peres (nee Szymon Perski), although they did not meet until they were both famous adults, according to the L.A. Jewish Journal. Peres has stated, "In 1952 or 1953 I came to New York... Lauren Bacall called me, said that she wanted to meet, and we did. We sat and talked about where our families came from, and discovered that we were from the same family... but I'm not exactly sure what our relation is... It was she who later said that she was my cousin, I didn't say that."
After her parents' divorce, when she was 6, she took the second half of her mother's maiden name, Bacal, later adding an "l." Her big break was a role, at age 19, in the film "To Have and Have Not," where she played opposite Bogart. The two married in 1945. Bacall was 20 and Bogart was 45; thus, she was nicknamed "Baby". They remained married until Bogart's death from esophageal cancer in 1957.
Bacall went on to perform in more than 40 films, including "The Big Sleep" and "How to Marry a Millionaire." She also performed on stage, winning Tony Awards for her starring roles in the musicals "Applause" and "Woman of the Year." Her 1980 autobiography, "Lauren Bacall: By Myself," won a National Book Award.
According to her New York Times obituary, Bacall wrote that she felt "totally Jewish and always would." However, she wrote that she and Bogart, an Episcopalian, had their two children christened in an Episcopal church in deference to Bogart's concern that "with discrimination still rampant in the world, it would give them one less hurdle to jump in life's Olympics."
The Times reported that during her romance with Bogart, Bacall asked him if it mattered to him that she was Jewish. His answer, she wrote, was "Hell, no-what mattered to him was me, how I thought, how I felt, what kind of person I was, not my religion, he couldn't care less-why did I even ask?"
Four years after Bogart's death, Bacall married actor Jason Robards, with whom she had a son.
Lauren Bacall is survived by her three children, Stephen Humphrey Bogart, Leslie Howard Bogart, and Sam Robards.