The magnitude of destruction on Kristallnacht


November 19, 2021

On the night of Nov. 9, 1938, synagogues, Jewish schools and Jewish-owned businesses were targeted in violent riots throughout Nazi Germany. This map shows many of the synagogues destroyed on Kristallnacht.

At least 267 synagogues were burned down or destroyed in the pogroms, which is known as Kristallnacht, the “night of broken glass.” The map shows the extent of the damage.

Jewish institutions and businesses were desecrated, torched and looted by Nazi paramilitary troops and civilian sympathizers. Tens of thousands of Jews were arrested, many were beaten and some were killed.


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