Central Florida's Independent Jewish Voice

Pilgrimage to Poland - Part 3

The Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration and death camp complex is located in the city of Oświęcim about 70 km. (43.5 miles) east of the city of Krakow.

It was initially built as a prison camp in 1940 by the Nazis for Polish prisoners. In 1941-1944 it was expanded and designated as the primary slave labor camp and Jew-killing facility as the “Final Solution” because of its convenient central location and good railway links to the main population centers of the Jews in Eastern Europe.

This allowed the Nazi regime to “relocate” the large Jewish populations in Poland and in the adjacent countries of...


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